Indonesia Mount Merapi eruption : 8 rescue workers killed!

central java-indonesia-merapi-disaster-map-at ...

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8 Rescue workers killed on Mount Merapi

The bodies of four members of the Disaster Response Team were recovered from the slopes of Mount Merapi on Monday before rescue officials had to retreat as the volcano again roared into life.
Six bodies were recovered from the village of Glagaharjo in Sleman, Yogyakarta. The bodies of another two members of the response team, known as Tagana, believed to have been killed when Merapi exploded last Thursday, are yet to be found or recovered.
Some crazy people are still attempting to take advantage of the situation.
On Sunday, police arrested a man for attempting to steal livestock abandoned by those fleeing the eruptions.
The man was arrested attempting to steal 21 goats and five cows, but two accomplices managed to escape.
Excerpt from a JakartaGlobe article. Please read the much longer original article

People flee Yogjakarta as the eruption of Mount Merapi continues

Frightened residents in a bustling city of 400,000 at the foot of Indonesia’s rumbling volcano headed out of town Monday, cramming onto trains and buses and even rented vehicles to seek refuge with family and friends far away.
“My parents have been calling … saying ‘You have to get out of there! You have to come home!’” said Linda Ervana, a 21-year-old history student who was waiting with friends at a train station in the university town of Yogyakarta, 30 kilometers from Mount Merapi.
After failing to get tickets, they finally decided to rent a minibus with other classmates.
The notoriously unpredictable mountain unleashed its most powerful eruption in a century Friday, sending hot clouds of gas, rocks and debris avalanching down its slopes at highway speeds, smothering entire villages and leaving a trail of charred corpses in its path.
Excerpt from a JakartaGlobe article. Please read the much longer original article

Search for bodies stopped due to too high temperatures

Indonesian rescue workers were forced to abandon efforts to retrieve bodies of victims from the Nov. 5 eruption of Mount Merapi in central Java, as increasing ground temperature and volcanic instability made it unsafe to continue.
Rescuers had been using wooden boards to walk on in areas where the soil reached temperatures higher than 70 degrees Celsius, Oka Hamid, a spokesman at Red Cross Indonesia’s Yogyakarta branch, said today.
“We found five bodies at Glagaharjo village, but only one was removed,” Hamid said by phone. “We are coming down now because the ground there is too hot and Merapi is unstable.”
Non-flammable boots and special gloves are needed to protect rescuers from hot burning soil, Hamid said.
Excerpt from a JakartaGlobe article. Please read the much longer original article

The latest death toll climbs to 141 with still bodies to recover

Indonesia massive M 7.7 Earthquake and Tsunami – latest news (5)

Indonesien

Image by patrikmloeff via Flickr

As our initial “latest news” articles were getting too long, and as this event will certainly continue to add more news, we have decided to a number of “latest news” articles. Besides the most important earthquake data, also breaking news will be posted here.
Reading all of them will be experienced as a movie from minutes after the earthquake until the latest news facts.

This update page will put breaking news on the Indonesia Mentawai Islands earthquake whenever it becomes available.
The most recent news will be on top of this page.
Earthquake-Report.com has been continuously publishing breaking news on this Earthquake / Tsunami starting minutes after the earthquake occurred.
Read the “Latest News 1” article by clicking here

Read the “Latest News 2” article by clicking here

Evacuating a girl by army and army helicopter - picture Xinhua news

Read the “Latest News 3” article by clicking here
Read the “Latest News 4” article by clicking here

November 3 – 00:44 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers
Death Mentawai islanders : 450 (up from 431)
Missing Mentawai islanders : 66 (down from 88)

November 3 – 00:33 UTC UPDATE
Mentawai survivors suffering various sicknesses
Despite the fact that relief aid items had reached lots of tsunami survivors in Mentawai district, West Sumatra, they could not escape from post-disaster diseases. Some tsunami survivors in Bulasak hamlet, Bulasak village, Pagai Selatan sub-district, for instance, are now suffering from sicknesses like coughing, fever, and measles, a health worker said.

November 3 – 00:25 UTC UPDATE
Parliament approves additional disaster funds
The House of Representatives has approved the central government`s request for 16.8 lillion US$ (150 billion Rs) extra funds for the natural disaster emergency responses.

November 1 – 21:34 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers
Death Mentawai islanders : 431 (down from 443)
Missing Mentawai islanders : 88 (down from 98)

November 1 – 18:40 UTC UPDATE
One map says more than 10 pages of text
Those of you are are eager to look into the technical details of this destroying earthquake, will certainly love this map.
The map gives details  about the height of the waves, the aftershocks, the depth of the sea etc.
Click here to read our in-depth article

November 1 – 16:50 UTC UPDATE
Magnitude 4.5 aftershock shakes Mentawai islands
A moderate aftershock of Magnitude 4.5 shook at 22:01 PM local timer the Mentawai islands . There is however NO risk on another tsunami with these moderate aftershocks.  Although exceptions exist, it is commonly known that at least Magnitude 6.5 shocks  should occur to generate a Tsunami. Huge underwater avalanches on subductions slopes can also create local tsunamis. These avalanches generating tsunami are however very very rare.

November 1 – 15:48 UTC UPDATE
Indonesian parliament approves extra aid budget
The Indonesian House of Representatives has approved the government`s request for extra funds for the natural disaster emergency responses. Remaining funds until the end of the year were too limited to ensure a smooth big intervention if it should become necessary.

November 1 – 15:24 UTC UPDATE
Indonesian Red Cross reaches remote islands
The Indonesian Red Cross has distributed aid to tsunami victims in remote villages in Mentawai Island.
Food supplies and medicines were flown to Mentawai by four helicopters.
Earthquake-Report.com remark : It took days before helicopters have been used to reach remote places. This will be a major lesson to learn from this disaster. ALL not urgently needed helicopters should be used IMMEDIATELY to help survivors in such tragedies. It took too long before rescue teams did reach the islands. We have problems to believe the ‘high waves and bad weather’ theory as the distance from the mainland to the islands is no more than 100 km, a small distance for an army helicopter.
It took only until after the visit of the Indonesian President, that the rescue operation started to run smoothly.

October 31 – 13:19 UTC UPDATE
Earlier report of 200 found missing people confirmed
200 people feared dead in Indonesia’s tsunami disaster zone were found alive Saturday as rescue workers began to reach remote island communities five days after the killer wave.
This report was earlier published in Earthquake-Report.com but afterwards removed as we could net get a confirmation about this important news. We are happy that we can republish this fantastic news.

October 31 – 12:23 UTC UPDATE
Magnitude 5.1 aftershock about 30 km from South Pagai

October 31 – 09:07 UTC UPDATE
Clear weather facilitates rescue and aid efforts
Storms and heavy seas have plagued efforts to reach disaster-struck Mentawai villages.
Aid organizations said the weather had cleared early Sunday and more helicopters were on the way to ferry aid to isolated communities accessible only by sea or air.

October 31 – 08:39 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers

Death Mentawai islanders : 449
Missing Mentawai islanders : 96 (drastically down from earlier estimates)
Seriously injured hospitalized islanders : 270
Slightly injured : 142
Destroyed or heavily damaged houses : 517
Light damaged houses : 204
5 elementary schools, 1 junior high school, 6 offices, 8 houses of worship, 7 bridges, 2 tourist resorts and a boat were also damaged
The numbers have been reported by local officials

October 30 – 13:47 UTC UPDATE
Understanding the massive M 7.7 Mentawai Earthquake
Click here to read our in-depth article

October 30 – 09:17 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers

Death Mentawai islanders : 413
Missing Mentawai islanders : 298
Seriously injured hospitalized islanders : 207
Slightly injured : 142
Destroyed or heavily damaged houses : 517
Light damaged houses : 204
5 elementary schools, 1 junior high school, 6 offices, 8 houses of worship, 7 bridges, 2 tourist resorts and a boat were also damaged
The numbers have been reported by local officials

October 30 – 08:52 UTC UPDATE
Indonesian President decides to move villages of tsunami victims.
The Indonesian President has decided to immediately relocate victims of a recent earthquake-triggered tsunami as well as residents living near Mentawai beaches of West Sumatra.
A regulation will be issued soon.The government is preparing the construction of about 4,000 shelter houses in highland area that closes to hills.
Earthquake Report.com is very enthusiastic about this regulation. The relocation is a wise decision as it does keep intact the way of living of the people, but gives them immediate evacuation possibilities in case of a tsunami alarm.
Based on a Jakarta Post article

October 30
Tsunami Animation South Pagai
South Pagai island tsunami animation by DR.Hamzah Latif (ITB tsunami expert)

http://www.vivanews.com/embed/video/11614/

October 30
Images and eyewitness accounts of the disaster have slowly begun trickling out as media crews reach the archipelago and tourists are repatriated. The video was shot by Sebastian Carvallo, a tourist staying at the Macaronis surf resort, which was almost completely destroyed by the tsunami. It shows how the 20 staff and 17 guests on location when the wave hit were able to escape by running to the top floor of the resort’s main building.
Click here to read the full article

Earthquake-Report.com has been continuously publishing breaking news on this Earthquake / Tsunami starting minutes after the earthquake occurred. Read the Latest News 1 article by clicking here.

Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude : 7.5 later increased to M 7.7
Monday, October 25, 2010 at 09:42:25 PM at epicenter
Depth (Hypocenter) : 33 km
Geo-location(s) :
240 km (149 miles) S (184°) from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia
Near the shores of the island of Pagai (part of the Mentawai Islands)

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map
Google satellite map of the area showing the kind of terrain the earthquake took place
USGS Shaking map
USGS historic earthquakes map
USGS Pager map
GDACS Green Earthquake Alert (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System)
GDACS Green Tsunami alert
Nearest LIVE seismograph in Papua New Guinea

* GDACS (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System) provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world. GDACS is a Joint Initiative of the United Nations and the European Commission

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

Indonesia tsunami – Indonesian President claims much quicker relief efforts

Official presidential portrait of Susilo Bamba...

Image via Wikipedia

Comment from Earthquake-Report.com : Earthquake-Report.com was from the very beginning very critical in the slow reaction of Indonesian Rescue and Relief efforts. As we followed the news almost from minute to minute after the main earthquake, it was very clear to us that the devastation and the height of the waves was much greater than initially calculated by theoretical models.
It took another 2 days before ships with Rescue and Relief personnel were on their way to the Mentawai Islands.
The Indonesian President did come to the same conclusion and ordered an immediate reorganization of emergency services in order to respond quicker to calamities.

The JakartaGlobe published an article with the opinion of the President, Government describing also the reorganization and better use of the means of the National Disaster Management Agency. We encourage our readers to read the full article.

In the wake of criticism over relief efforts following last week’s natural disasters, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said on Monday that the National Disaster Management Agency would be provided with the necessary equipment to do its job.
He said the head of the agency, known as BNPB, held ministerial rank and therefore could sidestep the bureaucracy.
This meant the BNPB did not have to waste time coordinating with other ministries.
Yudhoyono said he wanted extra funding for the agency in the 2011 budget to ensure its effective operation.
“The BNPB should have a high level of readiness, not only concerning its personnel but also its communication equipment and air transport,” he said.
The BNPB has 10 helicopters, two Hercules planes, five warships, two ships, six speedboats and 15 longboats at its disposal.

He praised the military for quickly mobilizing its Hercules planes to deliver supplies in Mentawai, where access was difficult.
“This model should be followed in the future,” he said. “If we cannot get supplies through by sea it should be through air.
However, he said the first priority should be rescuing the injured. “I underline the need for speedy evacuations,” the president said . “The use of helicopters should be prioritized to transport the injured.
The president said people in disaster-prone areas should be trained in what to do when a tragedy struck.
There should be new policies that will really be able to reduce the number of victims when natural disasters hit,” he said.
In the case of Mentawai, the president said it was dangerous to allow people to return to villages too close to the sea. “We need a new regulation or a law if necessary to reorganize this for their own safety,” Yudhoyono said.

Overview page with all the articles we wrote on this dramatic earthquake / tsunami

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Indonesia tsunami – Chilean surfer Sebastian Carvallo tsunami eywitness video

Five days after a devastating Tsunami swept across the Indonesian archipelago of Mentawai a video shot by an Australian tourist who narrowly escaped the deadly wave has emerged on the Web.
The 3-meter high wave was triggered by a 7.7 magnitude earthquake off the western coast of the island of Sumatra on the night of October 26. The latest official death toll stands at 408, but disaster response officials believe it could top 600 as hope of finding the 303 people still missing fades. Almost 13,000 people have lost their homes and are living in makeshift camps on the island.
The Mentawais, a legendary destination for surfers, are an otherwise neglected and hard to reach part of Indonesia. In the immediate aftermath of the quake, damaged phone lines and a poor Internet connection made it almost impossible to reach survivors from the mainland or overseas.
Bad weather has hampered efforts to ferry aid such as tents, medicine, food and water to the islands by boat from the nearest port of Padang, which is more than half a day away, even in the best conditions.
Images and eyewitness accounts of the disaster have slowly begun trickling out as media crews reach the archipelago and tourists are repatriated. The video was shot by Sebastian Carvallo, a tourist staying at the Macaronis surf resort, which was almost completely destroyed by the tsunami. It shows how the 20 staff and 17 guests on location when the wave hit were able to escape by running to the top floor of the resort’s main building.

Click on the picture to play the video

Overview page with all the articles we wrote on this dramatic earthquake / tsunami

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Understanding the massive M 7.7 Mentawai Earthquake

The Pulau Pagai Selatan, Sumatra earthquake of October 25, 2010 occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction interface plate boundary between the Australia and Sunda plates.

At the location of this earthquake, the Australia Plate move north-northeast with respect to the Sunda plate at a velocity of approximately 57-69 mm/yr.
On the basis of the currently available fault mechanism information and earthquake depth it is likely that this earthquake occurred along the plate interface.
The subduction zone adjacent to the region of this event last slipped during the Mw 8.5 and 7.9 earthquakes of September 2007, and today’s event appears to have occurred near the rupture zones of those earthquakes.

Map Austrlia and Sunda plates - courtesy olehnielsen.dk

Today’s earthquake is the latest in a sequence of large ruptures along the Sunda megathrust, including :
– a M 9.1 earthquake that ruptured to within 800 km north of this earthquake in 2004;
– a M 8.6 700 km to the north between Nias and Simeulue in 2005;
– a M 7.5 300 km to the north near Padang in 2009.
– a Mw 8.7-8.9 rupture in 1797
– a Mw 8.9-9.1 earthquake in 1833
(text : courtesy USGS)

 

2010 Mentawai earthquake

 

2009 South Sumatra earthquake

2007 South Sumatra earthquake

2007 South Sumatra earthquake

2004 Sumatra - Andaman Islands - Banda Aceh earthquake

Overview page with all the articles we wrote on this dramatic earthquake / tsunami

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Indonesia tsunami – French, New Zealand and American tourists still missing

Tourists surfing the waves in North Pagai

A number of foreign people were reported still missing. They are citizens of three countries, namely France, New Zealand and the United States.

Roxane Couty, a French citizen, send electronic mail to Indonesia that she had no news from Yannick Couty  since the tsunami struck the Mentawai Islands on Monday, October 25.
She suspected that Yannick was on the Mentawai islands with his friend, Axele Madelaine.
Yannick and Axele, said Roxane, were in the Mentawai Islands since October 14.
They spend a 3 week vacation on an island of the Mentawai archipelago.
Roxane fears that her brother must have been on the islands when the tsunami struck.

A transportation company who links Padang (mainland Sumatra) with Mentawai, received a call from a New Zealand mother, Mrs. Joanie Irissari, that she was searching her son Ryan, who was on a vacation with two friends to the Mentawai since 25 October.
Mrs. Irissari  had a last contact with her son on Oct. 25.  At that time, Ryan said that he was going from Sibolga to Mentawai. “But after that no news,” said Aim.

The latest report came from the United States Embassy in Indonesia.
The Embassy reported that an American citizen named Arick Salvador allegedly disappeared after departing from Java to the Mentawai on 14 October.

Earthquake-Report.com hope that they will be safe and well.

Source : Indonesian Vivanews

Overview page with all the articles we wrote on this dramatic earthquake / tsunami

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Indonesia : Merapi volcano eruption – latest news

UPDATE 29/10 – 09:30 UTC
Video footage of Australia’s TenNews of the funeral for the killed people

A. lesto P. Kusumo, Source: my documntation, M...

Image via Wikipedia

UPDATE 29/10 – 09:07 UTC
Excerpt of an article from Indonesia Antaranews which we would like our readers to read
Mount Merapi is still spewing hot clouds after the eruption on Tuesday.
The volcano was recorded to have spewed hot spots twice on Friday at 06.00 a.m. to 09.00 a.m. local time.
“Hot clouds are still coming out that we declare the Mount Merapi status to `beware`,” the head of Geology Agency, R Syukar said here Friday.
The data from Investigation and Technology Development of Volcanology Board of Yogyakarta(BPPTK) showed the first hot cloud was emitted at 06.10 a.m. at the local time for three minutes, while the second one was at 08.41 a.m. at the local time occurring for nine minutes.
However, the BBPTK failed to confirm the direction of the hot clouds as the Merapi`s peak was covered with mist.
Despite hot clouds, there were also 87 avalanches, 53 multiphase temblors, and 16 volcanic temblors recorded.
BPPTK spotted a motionless fire hot spot at the mount peak that might lead to the formation of new lava dome.

UPDATE 28/10 – 08:44 UTC
Death toll of Mt. Merapi rises to 32.
2 seriously burned people have perished from their wounds.
Most of the deaths were people who did not followed the governments advice to evacuate from their houses.
Identification of the heavily burned bodies was extremely difficult. Thus, the body of supposedly Mbah Maridjan, the spiritual gatekeeper of the volcano, had to be identified by his DNA. 4 rows of hot pyroclastic clouds have devastated the village of Kinahrejo on the slopes of the volcano. All houses have been burned down in this village.

UPDATE 27/10 – 08:39 UTC
Reuters reported a few moments ago that at least 28 people have been killed and 14 injured by erupting Mount Merapi. Many houses have been destroyed and the slopes of the volcano are covered with a thick layer of ash.
Prove of a pyroclastic flow is that some bodies were almost unrecognizable, as they were burned by the superheated gases from the volcano.

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