Deadly earthquakes of October 30, 19XX – Italy and Turkey

M 6.0  30-10-1930    Italy        Depth Unknown     UK 6.0 – killing 18 people
The town of Senigallia is located  on the Adriatic Coast (Central Italy), an area affected by affshore seismicity.
The city was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake of IX MMI.
The shock was characterized by strong differences in the damagfe levels at a scale of hundreds and tens of meters.
The earthquake killed 18 people.
The geographic position of Senigallia at the mouth of a river and its soil conditions, similar to many other coastal historical and tourist centres in the region, make this earthquake an important case history, useful for a better understanding of the seismic risk of the entire coastal area.
Google satellite map of the earthquake area

M 6.6  30-10-1983    Turkey        Depth 12 km    MW 6.7 – killing 1400 people
At least 1,342 people killed, many injured, 534 seriously injured, more than 25,000 people homeless, and 50 villages completely destroyed in the provinces of Erzurum and Kars.
Google satellite map of the earthquake area

These special pages are highlighting deadly earthquakes of the past.
People have forgotten a lot of these human tragedies.
We @ Earthquake Report are hopeful that people in these countries and cities will learn from their history and will make sure that they are building Earthquake Proof houses and that they know what to do when the earth will be shaking again.

QuakeSOS Twitter linkWhat do we offer on our @QuakeSOS twitter link ? :
– The titles of, and links to the in-depth articles of Earthquake-report.com
– Automatic alerts of all important earthquakes in almost real time as they occur in the world
Try us on twitter and be one of the best informed people on earthquakes in the world.

Indonesia tsunami – Chilean surfer Sebastian Carvallo tsunami eywitness video

Five days after a devastating Tsunami swept across the Indonesian archipelago of Mentawai a video shot by an Australian tourist who narrowly escaped the deadly wave has emerged on the Web.
The 3-meter high wave was triggered by a 7.7 magnitude earthquake off the western coast of the island of Sumatra on the night of October 26. The latest official death toll stands at 408, but disaster response officials believe it could top 600 as hope of finding the 303 people still missing fades. Almost 13,000 people have lost their homes and are living in makeshift camps on the island.
The Mentawais, a legendary destination for surfers, are an otherwise neglected and hard to reach part of Indonesia. In the immediate aftermath of the quake, damaged phone lines and a poor Internet connection made it almost impossible to reach survivors from the mainland or overseas.
Bad weather has hampered efforts to ferry aid such as tents, medicine, food and water to the islands by boat from the nearest port of Padang, which is more than half a day away, even in the best conditions.
Images and eyewitness accounts of the disaster have slowly begun trickling out as media crews reach the archipelago and tourists are repatriated. The video was shot by Sebastian Carvallo, a tourist staying at the Macaronis surf resort, which was almost completely destroyed by the tsunami. It shows how the 20 staff and 17 guests on location when the wave hit were able to escape by running to the top floor of the resort’s main building.

Click on the picture to play the video

Overview page with all the articles we wrote on this dramatic earthquake / tsunami

Latest news page 4

Latest news page 3

Latest news page 2

Latest news page 1

Deadly earthquakes of October 28, 19XX – Idaho, USA

M 6.9 28-10-1983       EASTERN IDAHO, United States     Depth 16 km – killing 2 people
Borah Peak earthquake
Two people killed, two injured, and considerable damage at Challis. One person injured and extensive damage at Mackay. Maximum intensity VII in the Challis-Mackay area. Total damage from the earthquake estimated at 15 million dollars.  System of fault      scarps extending for more than 35 kilometers with vertical displacement up to 2.7 meters observed between Mackay and Challis.  Landslides, rockfalls and groundwater changes occurred throughout the region, including changes to geyser activity in Yellowstone National Park.  The earthquake was felt in Idaho, Washington, Montana, Oregon, Nevada, Wyoming, Utah, and parts of Canada.
Google satellite map of the earthquake area

 

Challis 1983 earthquake

These special pages are highlighting deadly earthquakes of the past.
People have forgotten a lot of these human tragedies.
We @ Earthquake Report are hopeful that people in these countries and cities will learn from their history and will make sure that they are building Earthquake Proof houses and that they know what to do when the earth will be shaking again.

QuakeSOS Twitter linkWhat do we offer on our @QuakeSOS twitter link ? :
– The titles of, and links to the in-depth articles of Earthquake-report.com
– Automatic alerts of all important earthquakes in almost real time as they occur in the world
Try us on twitter and be one of the best informed people on earthquakes in the world.

Earthquakes list October 30, 2010

M 4.2      2010/10/31 02:21     Depth 55.9 km     OFFSHORE GUERRERO, MEXICO
October 30, 2010 at 09:21:54 PM (21:21) at epicenter
On the upper slopes of the subduction zone. Close to Ciudad Lazaro Cardenas. Too weak to cause problems
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.3      2010/10/31 01:02     Depth 0.0 km     CENTRAL CALIFORNIA
October 30, 2010 at 06:02:05 PM (18:02) at epicenter
Epicenter near Topaz California and Wellington Nevada. Close to Lake Tahoe
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 5.1      2010/10/30 22:43    Depth 54.8 km     KURIL ISLANDS
October 31, 2010 at 09:43:54 AM at epicenter
On top of the subduction slope approx. 100 km from Kotoi, an uninhabited volcanis island
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 5.2      2010/10/30 19:06    Depth 38.7 km     OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
October 31, 2010 at 04:06:20 AM at epicenter
Epicenter on the subduction slopes at a safe distance of the coastal cities
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.5      2010/10/30 18:08    Depth 84.1 km     SULAWESI, MOLUCCA SEA
October 31, 2010 at 02:08:56 AM at epicenter
Epicenter 77 km from Manado but at a safe focal depth
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.9      2010/10/30 17:45    Depth 257.1 km     FLORES SEA
October 31, 2010 at 01:45:46 AM at epicenter
Harmless seaquake at a very big focal depth.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.2      2010/10/30 17:27    Depth 1.0 km KYGYZSTAN
11:27 PM (23:27) at epicenter
Epicenter 60 km from Kyzyl-Suu and Issyk Kul. Issyk Kul is an endorheic lake in the northern Tian Shan mountains in eastern Kyrgyzstan.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.7      2010/10/30 16:55    Depth 94.0 km     SUMBA REGION, INDONESIA
October 31, 2010 at 00:55 AM at epicenter
Moderate earthquake near the coast of Pulau Sumba
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 5.8      2010/10/30 15:18    Depth 21.9 km     PACIFIC-ANTARCTIC RIDGE
05:18:39 AM at epicenter
Epicenter right on the ridge fault in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. In the middle of the triangle New Zealand, Chile and Antarctica

M 5.2      2010/10/30 10:39    Depth 501.9 km     SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS
10:39:24 PM (22:39) at epicenter
Very deep in the (hot) mantle of the earth. Far away from populated islands.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.7      2010/10/30 09:54    Depth 628.1 km     AMAZONAS, BRAZIL
05:54:00 AM at epicenter
Very deep in the (hot) mantle of the earth. Epicenter 150 km (95 miles) ESE of Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre, Brazil.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.8      2010/10/30 07:49    Depth 63.3 km     NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
05:49:58 PM (17:49) at epicenter
Epicenter 120 km (75 miles) S of Rabaul, New Britain, PNG. Rabaul volcano is one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes in the world. Epicenter at less than 20 km from the southeastern shores of New Britain, close to Guma, Sampun and Baien. Not dangerous at this magnitude
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 5.0      2010/10/30 07:07    Depth 584.7 km     FIJI REGION
07:07:20 PM at epicenter
Epicenter 30 km of Ono-i-Lau. Ono-i-Lau is a volcanic and coral island in Fiji’s Lau archipelago. One of the southernmost of the Lau Islands, it is located at 20.80° South and 178.75° East, and occupies an area of 7.9 square kilometers. It has a maximum elevation of 113 meters. It is 90 kilometers southsouthwest of Vatoa, the nearest island.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.7      2010/10/30 06:23    Depth 24.3 km     SUNDA STRAIT, INDONESIA
01:23:44 PM (13:23) at epicenter
Far away from the Mentawai area, but the same fault line. Epicenter on top of the subduction zone in between Sumatra and Java.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 4.1      2010/10/30 01:09    Depth 34.6 km     HAWAII (Big Island) , HAWAII
October 29, 2010 at 03:09:25 PM at epicenter
Earthquake probably linked to the Kilauea volcano.

M 4.7      2010/10/30 00:55    Depth 22.8 km     SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
07:55:35 AM at epicenter
Aftershock in the same area than the powerful 7.7 earthquake from October 25
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

Earthquakes occurred yesterday (UTC time), but today local time

M 4.4      2010/10/29 23:22    Depth 30,0 km     NORTH ISLAND, NEW ZEALAND
October 30,2010 at 12:22 PM at epicenter
Epicenter 10 km north of Te Karaka, 40 km north-west of Gisborne

M 4.5      2010/10/29 18:10    Depth 11 km     SOUTHERN  SUMATRA, INDONESIA
October 30, 2010 at 01:10 AM at epicenter
Aftershock but a little more to the southeast than the M 7.7 main shock. Less than 100 km from Bengkulu.
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 5.0      2010/10/29 18:05    Depth 32.2 km     SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
October 30, 2010 at 01:05:28 AM at epicenter
Aftershock with epicenter in the same area and depth than the main shock
Send an “earthquake experience report” for this earthquake

M 5.2      2010/10/29 16:30     Depth 57.8 km      VOLCANO ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION
October 30, 2010 at 02:30:27 AM at epicenter
Far away from populated islands

seismograph - recordingUseful information to read this daily earthquake list
This earthquake list covers minor and major earthquakes in the world.
If a more detailed page is present, the earthquake line will be linked to the detailed page.
For your comfort, we will provide in most cases Google Satellite Map links to give you an idea where the earthquake struck, which terrain it happened and if villages or cities are located in the immediate vicinity. The reference for the time zone is UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, also called GMT)
The page is regularly updated to add new earthquakes.
green color = NOT dangerous for damage or injuries
orange color = MODERATE risk for damage or injuries
red color = CONSIDERABLE risk for damage or injuries

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

Understanding the massive M 7.7 Mentawai Earthquake

The Pulau Pagai Selatan, Sumatra earthquake of October 25, 2010 occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction interface plate boundary between the Australia and Sunda plates.

At the location of this earthquake, the Australia Plate move north-northeast with respect to the Sunda plate at a velocity of approximately 57-69 mm/yr.
On the basis of the currently available fault mechanism information and earthquake depth it is likely that this earthquake occurred along the plate interface.
The subduction zone adjacent to the region of this event last slipped during the Mw 8.5 and 7.9 earthquakes of September 2007, and today’s event appears to have occurred near the rupture zones of those earthquakes.

Map Austrlia and Sunda plates - courtesy olehnielsen.dk

Today’s earthquake is the latest in a sequence of large ruptures along the Sunda megathrust, including :
– a M 9.1 earthquake that ruptured to within 800 km north of this earthquake in 2004;
– a M 8.6 700 km to the north between Nias and Simeulue in 2005;
– a M 7.5 300 km to the north near Padang in 2009.
– a Mw 8.7-8.9 rupture in 1797
– a Mw 8.9-9.1 earthquake in 1833
(text : courtesy USGS)

 

2010 Mentawai earthquake

 

2009 South Sumatra earthquake

2007 South Sumatra earthquake

2007 South Sumatra earthquake

2004 Sumatra - Andaman Islands - Banda Aceh earthquake

Overview page with all the articles we wrote on this dramatic earthquake / tsunami

Latest news page 4

Latest news page 3

Latest news page 2

Latest news page 1

Indonesia massive M 7.7 Earthquake and Tsunami – latest news (4)

As our initial “latest news” article was getting too long, and as this event will certainly continue to add more news, we have decided to start another “latest news 3” article. Besides the most important earthquake data, also breaking news will be posted here.

This update page will put breaking news on the Indonesia Mentawai Islands earthquake whenever it becomes available.
The most recent news will be on top of this page.
Earthquake-Report.com has been continuously publishing breaking news on this Earthquake / Tsunami starting minutes after the earthquake occurred.
Read the “Latest News 1” article by clicking here

Read the “Latest News 2” article by clicking here
Read the “Latest News 3” article by clicking here

October 30 – 13:47 UTC UPDATE
Understanding the massive M 7.7 Mentawai Earthquake
Click here to read our in-depth article

October 30 – 13:47 UTC UPDATE
Indonesian Minister : ‘adulterous nations unfaithful to God will receive “Godly condemnation”’
Indonesia’s twitter users were once again shocked by another statement from Information and Communication Minister Tifatul Sembiring, who said that adulterous nations unfaithful to God will receive “Godly condemnation”.
Tifatul, who represents the Islamic-based Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) in President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s cabinet, said in a statement on one of his tweets Tuesday “if they deny Our verses, then we will curse them for whatever (sins) they commit”.
Numerous twitter users condemned Tifatul for his statement, saying it was improper in the midst of two almost simultaneous natural disasters – a tsunami in Mentawai and a volcanic eruption in Central Java .
This was not the first time Tifatul’s tweets caused widespread controversy and public derision.
Excerpt of a Jakarta Post article, click here to read the entire article

October 30 – 09:17 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers

Death Mentawai islanders : 413
Missing Mentawai islanders : 298
Seriously injured hospitalized islanders : 207
Slightly injured : 142
Destroyed or heavily damaged houses : 517
Light damaged houses : 204
5 elementary schools, 1 junior high school, 6 offices, 8 houses of worship, 7 bridges, 2 tourist resorts and a boat were also damaged
The numbers have been reported by local officials

October 30 – 08:52 UTC UPDATE
Indonesian President decides to move villages of tsunami victims.
The Indonesian President has decided to immediately relocate victims of a recent earthquake-triggered tsunami as well as residents living near Mentawai beaches of West Sumatra.
A regulation will be issued soon.The government is preparing the construction of about 4,000 shelter houses in highland area that closes to hills.
Earthquake Report.com is very enthusiastic about this regulation. The relocation is a wise decision as it does keep intact the way of living of the people, but gives them immediate evacuation possibilities in case of a tsunami alarm.
Based on a Jakarta Post article

October 29 – 20:57 UTC UPDATE
Tsunami Animation South Pagai
South Pagai island tsunami animation by DR.Hamzah Latif  (ITB tsunami expert)

http://www.vivanews.com/embed/video/11614/

October 29 – 20:46 UTC UPDATE
Images and eyewitness accounts of the disaster have slowly begun trickling out as media crews reach the archipelago and tourists are repatriated. The video was shot by Sebastian Carvallo, a tourist staying at the Macaronis surf resort, which was almost completely destroyed by the tsunami. It shows how the 20 staff and 17 guests on location when the wave hit were able to escape by running to the top floor of the resort’s main building.
Click here to read the full article

October 29 – 18:32 UTC UPDATE
Aftershock Magnitude 5.0 with epicenter in the same area and depth than the main shock
Earthquakes list October 29, 2010

October 29 – 16:57 UTC UPDATE
A number of foreign people were reported still missing.
They are citizens of three countries, namely France, New Zealand and the United States.
Click here to read the full article

October 29 – 16:06 UTC UPDATE
The Earthquake-Report.com QUAKESOS iPhone application ranked top 3 in Indonesia.
We @earthquake-report.com have build this application to facilitate people getting in contact with family and friends  to tell them they are safe or need help with one push on a button.
Click here to read the full article

October 29 – 14:29 UTC UPDATE
Baby survives by miracle (video). Mother, father and 4 brothers killed
His father, Jekonia (33 years) and his mother Pure (30) along with four brothers were killed by the deadly Tsunami. The baby was found by residents in the middle of the road.
The baby is now treated at the hospital of Sikakap.
Click here for our in-depth article and video footage

October 29 – 07:59 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers

Death Mentawai islanders : 408
Missing Mentawai islanders : 303
Seriously injured islanders : 264
Slightly injured : 137
The numbers have been reported by local officials

October 29 – 07:59 UTC UPDATE
Earthquake-Report.com intermediate comment
The Mentawai – Pagai islands earthquake number of victims will normally be higher than 650, Earthquake-Report.com predicts.
The first 24 to 36 hours one could have hoped that people would have fled into the jungle to be safe for other tsunamis, but after 4 days this hope is no more realistic.
Those counted as missing will have been swallowed by the sea or would have been ejected into the jungle.
When an earthquake hits a big city, people can run to all directions and authorities will need many days to determine who is missing and who is showing up.
In this case the situation is completely different. Most of the villages on the Pagai islands are small to very small and people know each other.
Earthquake-Report.com concludes that missing people in this case means more victims., which will bring the ranking of this devastating earthquake to position 3, behind Haiti and China.
The cruel earthquake in Chile had even less victims than this tsunami tragedy.

October 29 – 00:24 UTC UPDATE
European Commission donates 1.5 million euro in aid for tsunami and volcano victims

The European Commission has allocated €1.5 million (US$2 million) in humanitarian assistance to survivors of the tsunami in Mentawai and the volcanic eruption of Mount Merapi in Java, EU Delegation to Indonesia, Julian Wilson said in a statement Thursday.
The funds will help around 65,000 people in Mentawai and at least 22,000 people in Yogyakarta or Central Java.
The funding will be channelled through the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO).

October 29 – 00:15 UTC UPDATE
BMKG counters critics of tsunami warning

Earthquake report, who followed all actions from the very beginning, supports BMKG in his response to these critics.
People living near the Sea and Oceans should immediately evacuate to higher ground when they feel the earthquake happening (like in both Pagai islands).
Read the full article here

October 28 – 23:48 UTC UPDATE
Billions of Indonesian rupiah in emergency funds have been approved and warships have been mobilized in response to the twin disasters Indonesia suffered this week, but rescue workers and victims are reporting distribution difficulties and supply shortages.

October 28 – 16:09 UTC UPDATE
New updated casualty numbers
Death Mentawai islanders : 374
Missing Mentawai islanders : 303
Seriously injured islanders : 264
Slightly injured : 137
The numbers have been reported by local officials

October 28 – 16:09 UTC UPDATE
Tsunami Preparedness on vacation
Whenever you go for a beach holiday in an earthquake country, be always aware of a possible Tsunami risk.
Be alarmed if the following natural signs of an approaching tsunami appear :
1) if you feel an earthquake. (even light shaking, the epicenter can be hundreds of km away)
2) if you see an unusual sea level change: sudden sea water retreat or rise.
3) if you hear a rumbling sound of approaching waves.
4) if you hear tsunami alarm sirens
Then you should IMMEDIATELY evacuate to higher ground.

Earthquake-Report.com has been continuously publishing breaking news on this Earthquake / Tsunami starting minutes after the earthquake occurred. Read the Latest News 1 article by clicking here.

Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude : 7.5 later increased to M 7.7
Monday, October 25, 2010 at 09:42:25 PM at epicenter
Depth (Hypocenter) : 33 km
Geo-location(s) :
240 km (149 miles) S (184°) from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia
Near the shores of the island of Pagai (part of the Mentawai Islands)

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map
Google satellite map of the area showing the kind of terrain the earthquake took place
USGS Shaking map
USGS historic earthquakes map
USGS Pager map
GDACS Green Earthquake Alert (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System)
GDACS Green Tsunami alert
Nearest LIVE seismograph in Papua New Guinea

* GDACS (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System) provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world. GDACS is a Joint Initiative of the United Nations and the European Commission

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

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