New Zealand Christchurch hit by a Magnitude 7.0 earthquake (part 2)

Link to the first part of our reporting who starts just a couple of minutes after the earthquake struck

Earthquake-report.com was one of the first blogs in the world to report in-depth about this massive earthquake. Follow us on twitter or in Facebook for this and future events.

Update 23:52 UTC : Urban Search and Rescue teams are being flown from the North Island to help with the assessment process. One person in intensive care after being crushed by a crumbling chimney. Earlier reports of looting were exaggerated. City center closed to people not living in that area. Major damage reported in the historic town of Lyttelton.

Update 08:10 UTC : More than 80 police are being transferred from Auckland this afternoon (local time) to protect   the city at night.  A Night curfew has been called from 7 PM to 7 AM to prevent looting and to protect people from falling stones etc.

Update 08:51 UTC : Stormy weather expected in Christchurch area tomorrow. Gales can worsen the situation of the unstable houses even more than the aftershocks do.

Update 09:25 UTC : Aftershock from 16:35 has just been updated to a higher M 5.3 value (a heavy one)

Flat in fire - Click on the thumbnail to go to the original article

Update 10:56 UTC : At least 7 aftershocks have been hit the area.  Prime Minister told the press that it was a MIRACLE that no more people were hurt or killed.  Still big areas in and around Christchurch without power. Great parts of the area also without water system.
SAR (Search and Rescue) teams with especially trained dogs are underway from other parts in the country. The bigger local and National companies are starting to set up and to donate to relief funds.
Curfew area imposed from 7 PM to 7 AM : CBD block Kilmore Street., Madras Street, Montreal Street and St Asaph Street + shopping centre + Kaiapoi. A fire breaks out in a flat in the city.

Update 17:13 UTC : All press reports from the south islands are mentioning the disturbing treat of high winds on Sunday.  New Zealand weather service warns the civil service to follow the detailed weather reports very carefully as wind gales of more than 100 km/hour can create more damage on unstable buildings and damaged roofs.
Scientists are currently examining the origin and specific details of the earthquake. The 3 quake scenario is getting more credibility. This scenario is actually stating that what was sensed as the main shock might have been 3 seperate shocks one after each other.

Update 23:02 UTC : Cellular networks did a great job during and after the earthquake. Even with the main power down, most of the networks continued working for 3 to 8 hours, vital for urgent communications. Civil Defense minister said that New Zealand was blessed that no one died.
In big contrast with the miraculous zero casualties of this massive quake, was a plane crash at the South Island glaciers where 9 people lost their lives.
As residents return to their homes or begin to assess damage, they need to be aware of a cold weather front moving across Canterbury throughout the day.
More than 250 people used the Civil defense shelters during the night.
An estimated 500 buildings have been damaged during the earthquake.
Although authorities are still examining the cost to rebuild huge parts of Canterbury, the initial number goes beyond 2 billion NZ$.
For some Christchurch residents the power outage may last several days.

Most important Earthquake Data (final numbers after multiple recalculations by scientists):
Saturday, September 04, 2010 at 04:35:46 AM at epicenter (south of Darfield)
Depth (Hypocenter) : 5 km
Geo-location(s) :
44 km (27 miles) W (273°) from Christchurch, New Zealand
200 km (124 miles) S (169°) from Westport, New Zealand

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map
Google satellite map of the area showing the kind of terrain the earthquake took place
USGS Shaking map
USGS historic earthquakes map
USGS Pager map (impact on population)

* GDACS (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System) provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world. GDACS is a Joint Initiative of the United Nations and the European Commission

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

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South Sandwich Islands – Penguins, Glaciers, Earthquakes and volcanoes

NASA satellite photograph of Montagu Island

Nasa Image of Montagu Island and erupting Mount Belinda via Wikipedia

Earthquake Report comment :
All elements of nature are constantly hammering on this volcano island arc, the South Sandwich Islands.
This is the purest nature one can find on our planet. Located in the influence of Antarctica, an eternal icecap is covering the volcano archipelago.  Those who have traveled to Antarctica (like me) know the places very well. An abundance of birds and thousands of all species of Penguins. The South Sandwich islands are not often visited because of its distance (a limited number of cruises are inserting South Georgia ( a little … to the northwest) but the beaty of these places is astonishing. Purer than pure !
Today’s earthquake is a moderate normal one in this area of the world. It struck near Montagu island. Montagu island is home for Mount Melinda, a stratovolcano who erupted in 2005 leaving a 3.5 km lava flow on the virginlike ice and snow. The volcano only came awake in 2001.

Wikipedia explanation on Mount Belinda
Mount Belinda is 1,370 meter high stratovolcano located on Montagu Island, in the South Sandwich Islands of the Scotia Sea. Belinda was inactive until late 2001, when it erupted. The eruption produced large quantities of basaltic lava, melting the thick cover of ice that had accumulated while the volcano lay dormant, and “producing a marvelous ‘natural laboratory’; for studying lava-ice interactions relevant to the biology of extreme environments as well as to processes believed to be important on the planet Mars.” Mount Belinda has been in a persistent state of eruption since 2001. Far from slowing down, the activity throughout 2005 marks the highest levels yet. An increase in activity in the fall of 2005 has produced an active 3.5-kilometre-long lava flow, extending from the summit cone of Mount Belinda all the way down into the sea. The flow spreads northeast from the volcanic vent, and then becomes diverted due north by an arête.

Some text : courtesy wikipedia, the great Internet encyclopedia

Wikimedia picture of colonies of roosting penguins in the South Georgia and Sound Sandwich islands archipelago

Most important Earthquake Data:
Magnitude :
Saturday, September 04, 2010 at 09:51:59 AM at epicenter
Depth (Hypocenter) : 35 km
Geo-location(s) :
55 km (35 miles) E of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map (as penguins cannot send a message, no Felt signal will arrive from here, but the maps are automatically generated 🙂
Google satellite map of the area showing the kind of terrain the earthquake took place
USGS historic earthquakes map

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

Helicopter footage of the Christchurch earthquake damage

We do try to bring a comprehensive overview of the vents. For this reason we have sliced our reports in different subjects. 2 main report pages + an aftershock and the tectonic explanation.

The early morning events and initial reporting in Part 1 (click on the link)

We have added a second part (because the first became too long) – Second part on this link

Other report pages we issued :

Powerful aftershock rattles Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand

Understanding the massive 7.0 Christchurch Earthquake

Heavy M 6.1 seaquake at a safe distance of Tonga islands

Earthquake Report comment :
NO tsunami treat for the neighboring islands
Earthquake occurred on a safe distance from populated islands

Most important Earthquake Data:
Saturday, September 04, 2010 at 09:52:01 PM at epicenter
Magnitude : Moment Magnitude 6.1
Depth (Hypocenter) : 37 km
Geo-location(s) :
150 km (90 miles) S of Hihifo, Tonga
155 km (95 miles) N of Neiafu, Tonga

Links to important maps
USGS Did You Feel It Map
Google satellite map of the area showing the kind of terrain the earthquake took place
USGS Shaking map
USGS historic earthquakes map
GDACS Green Earthquake Alert (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System)

* GDACS (Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System) provides near real-time alerts about natural disasters around the world.  GDACS is a Joint Initiative of the United Nations and the European Commission

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE  iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report.  The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

Christchurch Earthquake : Curfew tonight and Stormy weather forecast on Sunday

We do try to bring a comprehensive overview of the vents. For this reason we have sliced our reports in different subjects.  2 main report pages + an aftershock and the tectonic explanation.

The early morning events and initial reporting in Part 1 (click on the link)

We have added a second part (because the first became too long) – Second part on this link

Other report pages we issued :

Powerful aftershock rattles Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand

Understanding the massive 7.0 Christchurch Earthquake

Earthquakes list September 4, 2010

M 5.1      2010/09/04 23:00   Depth 16.1 km      SOUTHWEST INDIAN RIDGE
In the middle of the Indian Ocean, far away from populated islands

Ml 5.2  2010/09/04 19:06 (local time 03:06)  Depth 78 km TAIWAN – HUALIEN CITY
Epicenter in the Philippine Sea 90 km out of the coast. Not dangerous because of the depth

M 4.7      2010/09/04 17:18   Depth 61.4 km     SALTA, ARGENTINA
Series of moderate relatively deep earthquakes without danger. Today’s earthquake was almost under Salta, a main city in that area. The quake will have been felt by a lot of people.

M 5.0      2010/09/04 14:11   Depth 35.0 km     IRIAN JAYA, INDONESIA
Epicenter in the same wilderness area than the 2 earthquakes from 11 hours ago

M 5.4      2010/09/04 11:51   Depth 35.0 km     SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS REGION
Moderate earthquake in a volcano arc and to the south of last weak earthquakes.

M 4.9      2010/09/04 11:37   Depth 10.1 km     EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Papua New Guinea daily portion of earthquakes, today quite close (10 km) to the coastal towns of Waibula and Wataluma on Goudenough island. The island is only 39 km in diameter and from the coastline,  a cloud catcher mountain  (Mount Vineuo) risis 2,536 meter above the sea. Cloud catcher = one of the places in the world with the most rainfall.

M 5.3      2010/09/04 11:30   Depth 34.7 km NEAR THE COAST OF CENTRAL PERU
55 km from Ica – Quite powerful earthquake – Local press agencies are reporting that NO damage has been noticed.

M 6.1      2010/09/04 08:52   Depth 37.1 km     TONGA
See detailed report by clicking on this link

M 4.9      2010/09/04 07:50   Depth 153.9 km     NORTHERN PERU
Too deep to cause any problems. Near the city of Pucallpa !

M 4.8      2010/09/04 07:49   Depth 54.7 km     NEAR THE COAST OF CENTRAL PERU
Near Zona Reservada San Fernando – No roads or villages near the epicenter

M 5.1      2010/09/04 04:55   Depth 8.0 km         SOUTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND
A powerful aftershock. Might cause more problems with unstable buildings who did suffer from the first heavy earthquake.

M 5.1      2010/09/04 03:39   Depth 71.2 km     IRIAN JAYA , INDONESIA
Quiet deep and in the middle of the jungle

M 5.6      2010/09/04 03:14   Depth 40.3 km     IRIAN JAYA,  INDONESIA
In the wilderness of the Indonesian part of Papua New Guinea. Far away from villages

M 4.7      2010/09/04 01:26   Depth 27.5 km     FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA
Aftershock of the more powerful earthquake from a couple of weeks ago. Just on the subduction ridge (see link)

M 4.5      2010/09/04 00:23   Depth 7.1 km         NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA
Near Nahanni National Park. Epicenter in a wilderness area

seismograph - recordingUseful information to read this daily earthquake list
This earthquake list covers minor and major earthquakes in the world.
If a more detailed page is present, the earthquake line will be linked to the detailed page.
For your comfort, we will provide in most cases Google Satellite Map links to give you an idea where the earthquake struck, which terrain it happened and if villages or cities are located in the immediate vicinity. The reference for the time zone is UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, also called GMT)
The page is regularly updated to add new earthquakes.
green color = NOT dangerous for damage or injuries
orange color = MODERATE risk for damage or injuries
red color = CONSIDERABLE risk for damage or injuries

QuakeSOS has been developed to help actively people who are caught in an earthquake + delivers "Earthquake Report" information on your iPhoneQuakeSOS is a FREE iPhone application developed by Armand Vervaeck, the creator and main contributor to Earthquake Report. The Application simplifies immediate group communication to friends and family members (with your exact GPS location) and is constantly feeding the users with “Earthquake Report” news. Together with your own family and friends, QuakeSOS will be your closest earthquake friend.

QuakeSOS, a (free) iPhone app of big value in case of an earthquake

QuakeSOS has been developed to help people caught in an earthquake + delivers the best earthquake information

Earthquake-report.com was created by the same people who wanted to do something constructive when the Haiti earthquake struck.  Our goal was making an iPhone app that would be able to trace people if they where caught in the rubble and to facilitate immediate messages to friends and family in case of safety.

We encourage New Zealanders to install and register the application and to use it as much as possible if a serious aftershock would strike again.

Another MAJOR ISSUE  we experienced today in Christchurch, is that the Cell Phone Towers were still working well on batteries, even when the power was out.

This  is the review published in Appcraver.com, a specialized review site for iPhone applications

Though I’ve seen a pretty wide variety of iPhone apps in every category and admittedly don’t know all of them by a long shot, Quake SOS is the first app I’ve seen that is designed for use in a natural disaster emergency. A combination of an alert system for victims of earthquakes and an earthquake information guide, Quake SOS is a free app and requires registration to use effectively.

Quake SOS allows users to provide contact information of family and friends and to alert them if you are in an earthquake. You can notify your contacts that you are safe, or that you need help, whichever your situation would warrant.

Other useful information includes an earthquake database of sorts that updates every time you launch Quake SOS. It provides information such as when and where earthquakes have occurred, the Richter scale magnitude and depth of the quake, and a map displaying the actual location.

Registered users can notify others if they felt the quake and see the number of users reporting safe. Quake SOS also includes news pertaining to specific quakes.

While the one notable issue regarding the effectiveness of Quake SOS is the fact that a signal is required for it to work, it remains a plausible source of information and assistance in the face of a natural disaster. The signal requirement could certainly pose a problem, depending on the situation. Obviously smaller quakes probably won’t take out satellite towers and internet signals, but larger ones certainly could. In that case, no information could be sent or gathered. It would really depend and reliability is certainly unpredictable.

Available for free in the iTunes App store :
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/quakesos-rt-news-earthquakes/id372398998?mt=8

iPhone App review @ Appcraver.com

http://earthquake-report.com

http://www.quakesos.com

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