In memory of the victims of August 15, 19XX – Philippines, China/India, Taiwan, India and Peru

“In memory of” is highlighting deadly earthquakes of the past.
People have forgotten a lot of these human tragedies.
We @ Earthquake Report are hopeful that people in these countries and cities will learn from their history and will make sure that they are building Earthquake Proof houses and that they know what to do when the earth will be shaking again.

M 8.2   15-08-1918  Depth 35 km   Philippines – killing 100 people
A Tsunami in Southern Mindanao struck and killed 15 people on the nearby shores.

M 8.6   15-08-1950  Depth 0 km    China / India – killing 1,526 people
The 1950 Medog earthquake, occurred on August 15, 1950, and had a magnitude of 8.6. The epicentre was actually located near Rima, in Tibet. However, the earthquake was destructive in both Assam and Tibet, and 1,526 people were killed.
Strictly this was not an Indian earthquake; the epicenter was near Rima, in a region claimed by both China and Tibet. Rima is situated within the region now called Zayü County. It is one of the few earthquakes to which the instrumentally determined magnitude, 8.7, is assigned. This shock was more damaging in Assam, in terms of property loss, than the earthquake of 1897. To the effects of shaking were added those of flood; the rivers rose high after the earthquake, bringing down sand, mud, trees, and all kinds of debris. Pilots flyng over the meizoseismal area reported great changes in topography; this was largely due to enormous slides, some of which were photographed. The only available on-the-spot account is that of F. Kingdon-Ward, a botanical explorer who was at Rima. However, he had little opportunity for observations; he confirms violent shaking at Rima, extensive slides, and the rise of the streams, but his attention was perforce directed to the difficulties of getting out and back to India.

M 7.2   15-08-1959  Depth 25 km   Taiwan – killing 17 people
The 1959 Hengchun earthquake was a magnitude 7.1 earthquake which struck the southern tip of Taiwan on August 15, 1959. It was the tenth deadliest earthquake in twentieth century Taiwan, killing 16 or 17 people.
The earthquake occurred at 16:57 CST on Saturday August 15, 1959, with an epicentre 50 kilometres (31 mi) east-southeast of Oluanpi, the southern tip of the island of Taiwan. The tremor measured 7.1 on the Richter scale and had a focal depth of 20 kilometres (12 mi). A tsunami 4–5 metres high resulting from the quake hit both the southeastern and southwestern coasts of Hengchun. The earthquake was felt throughout Taiwan and also in the Penghu islands off Taiwan’s western coast.
According to Taiwan’s Central Weather Bureau the casualties and damage were as follows: 17 dead, 33 seriously injured, 35 lightly injured, 1,214 dwellings completely destroyed, 1,375 dwellings partially destroyed
Due to Hengchun’s exposed position on the southern tip of Taiwan, residents frequently built heavy houses of stone to counter both the effects of typhoons and the seasonal northwesterly monsoon winds. These structures effectively resisted the effects of wind, but fared poorly in earthquakes, collapsing and trapping the occupants. (Source Wikipedia)
Fortunately the timing of the quake, late afternoon, meant that many people were outdoors when it struck, lessening casualties from building collapse. The estimated cost of the damage (in 1959 New Taiwan Dollars) was NT$24,111,920 for private housing, and NT$6,127,000 for damaged or collapsed school buildings, giving a total of just over NT$30m.

M 5.6   15-08-1966  Depth 25 km   India – killing 15 people
The Mb=5.6 Moradabad earthquake on 15 August 1966 was felt as far as Delhi and killed 15 people.

M 8.0   15-08-2007  Depth 39 km   Peru – killing 519 people
At least 514 people killed, 1,090 injured and more than 39,700 buildings damaged or destroyed. The majority of the casualties and damage occurred in Chincha Alta, Ica and Pisco.
Widespread communication and power outages occurred in the area. The Panamerican Highway, the Carretera Central and other main transport routes were heavily damaged due to landslides and cracks.
Felt (IX) at Chincha Alta and Pisco; (VII) at Ica and San Vicente de Canete; (VI) at Lima; (V) at Cusco; (IV) at Arequipa; (III) at Trujillo. Felt at Abancay, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chaclacayo, Chillca, Chimbote, Chosica, Cocachacra, Huacho, Huanuco, Huaraz, Huarmey, Imperial, La Oroya, Lambayeque, Mala, Nazca, Nuevo Imperial, Pachacamac, Pucallpa, Quillabamba, San Luis, Urubamba and Viru. Felt (III) at Bogota, Colombia and (II) at La Serena, Chile.
Also felt at Coquimbo and Iquique, Chile; at Guayaquil and Quito, Ecuador; at La Paz, Bolivia and at Manaus, Brazil.
Possible earthquake lights observed at Lima.
A tsunami with wave heights, peak-to-trough in centimeters, was recorded at the following selected tide stations: 16 at Antofagasta, 36 at Arica, 23 at Caldera, 28 at Coquimbo, 16 at Iquique, 21 in Archipielago Juan Fernandez, 18 at San Antonio, 28 at San Felix, 35 at Talcahuano and 17 at Valparaiso, Chile; 27 at Galapagos Islands, Ecuador; 30 at Nuku Hiva Island, French Polynesia; 12 at Hanasaki and 13 at Tosa-Shimizu, Japan; 20 at Acapulco, Mexico; 30 at Chatham Island, 13 at Green Island, 25 at Kaikoura, 17 at Lyttelton, 22 at Sumner Head and 26 at Tinaru, New Zealand; 100 at Callao and La Punta, Peru; 13 at Apia, Samoa; 14 at Port-Vila, Vanuatu; 10 at Dutch Harbor, Alaska; 12 at Crescent City, California; 33 at Hilo, 28 at Kahului and 12 at Kawaihae, Hawaii, USA.

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